Author: admin-politycircle

Types of Government  Parliamentary TypeBest example – The Govt. of Britain  Presidential TypeBest example – The Govt. of U.S.A.Governments can be classified broadly into two categories:Parliamentary type of Government, and;Presidential type of Government.Major difference between these two types of Governments:In a Parliamentary type, the Head of the state and the Head of Government are different persons, but in the Presidential type, the Head of the state and the Head of the government is the same person.For example:-In Britain, the head of the state is British Monarch and head of the government is Prime Minister, but in U.S.A., the President is head of…

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INTRODUCTIONThe Supreme Court is a Constitutional body under Article 124 of our Constitution.The Supreme Court is the Guardian of our constitution, the Highest Constitution Court, the Final Court of Appeal and the Highest Judicial forum.Originally, the strength of the Supreme Court was 1 + 7 = 8 (1 Chief Justice and 7 Judges). The Present strength is 1 + 33 = 34 (1 Chief Justice and 33 Judges).The Supreme Court was established on 28th January, 1950 and replaced the Federal Court of India. Before the Federal Court of India, the Privy Council used to be the Highest Court of India.MOTTO…

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Now we have 28 States and 8 Union Territories in India. Earlier we had 29 States (29th State was Telangana, established on 2nd June, 2014, by bifurcating Andhra Pradesh into two States— (i) Andhra Pradesh and (ii) Telangana). On 31st October, 2019. The J & K State was divided into two Union Territories (i) Union Territory of J & K and, (ii) Union territory of Ladakh.Area wise Rajasthan is the largest state followed by Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. Population wise Uttar Pradesh is the biggest state followed by Maharashtra, Bihar and West Bengal.We have federal form of government…

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Governor is a constitutional post under Article 153 of our constitution. Governor is head of the state. He is symbolic/nominal head of the state government, whereas Chief Minister is real head of state government. Governor of a state is appointed by President of India. We have borrowed this feature of appointment of state Governor by the centre from the Constitution of Canada. The minimum age to be appointed as Governor of a state is 35 years. Tenure of Governor is 5 years, but not fixed, holds office during the pleasure of President. This means he can be removed by President…

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We have a provision of reservation for Schedule castes and Schedule Tribes in Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies. 15% reservation for SC and 7.5% for ST exist in Lok Sabha (131 out of 543 seats) and in our state legislative assemblies according to population of these caste in the state. There is no provision for OBC (Other Backward Classes) and women in Lok Sabha and in state legislative assemblies. All political parties supported reservation for women in legislature but no concrete step was taken by any political party in this direction. We do have reservation for women in Panchayati…

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President of India is a constitutional post under Art 52. President is first citizen of India and his wife is first Lady of India. Rule of Law & Equality before Law is applicable to every citizen of India but our President is an exception. He is above law. No police officer can arrest him under any circumstances. No court can issue summon to the President to appear before the court and give his witness. (President VV Giri voluntarily once appeared before the court and gave his witness, but he was not issued any summon by the court.). President is supreme…

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What is a Will?A will is a legal document specifying the wishes and intentions of a person regarding the distribution of their assets and wealth after their lifetime. A person who writes a will is called a Testator.Writing a will becomes imperative to ensuring that an estate is devolved as per the wishes of the Testator. In the absence of the same, the succession of their assets will take place in accordance with the applicable succession laws.Essentials of a valid will in India:A will should be drafted using clear and simple language in order to scope out any ambiguity /…

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The President can issue ordinances under Article 123 of the Constitution when one of the houses of the Parliament is not in session. An ordinance has the same force and effect as an Act of parliament. This is a convention that the President does not issue ordinances while Parliament session is going on. The maximum Validity of an ordinance cannot be of more than 6 months + 6 weeks. An ordinance must be approved within 6 weeks after the start of the session of the Parliament. An Ordinance will expire after 6 weeks if it is not approved by both…

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INTRODUCTIONAging is a natural process, which leads to weakening of the body and the mind. The productivity and the working ability of a person also decreases. It is the duty of the State as well as the family of a person to take care of him in his old age. However, due to rampant illiteracy and lack of awareness, many senior citizens are not aware of their rights. This article seeks to discuss the rights and facilities available to the elderly. It also discusses the policies and initiatives taken by various ministries.CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, 1950The Constitution of India envisages protecting the…

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In response to the ongoing strife in Manipur, opposition parties belonging to I.N.D.I.A. (Indian National Developmental Inclusive Alliance) block have taken a significant step. The INC (Indian National Congress) and BRS (Bharat Rastra Samithi) have submitted No Confidence Motion notice in Lok Sabha against PM Narendra Modi’s government over the Manipur issue. The motion has been accepted by the speaker and he will announce the debate soon.A motion of No Confidence can be introduced in Lok Sabha only and by opposition alone. Any member of LOK SABHA can move a no confidence motion but it must be supported by at…

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